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This study aims to determine the feasibility of palm-based agroforestry as an alternative to critical land improvement. The scope studied is closer to the biophysical aspects. To achieve the main objectives, they are structured as follows: Identifying critical lands in the Koto Panjang Hydro-electrical Power Plant (HEPP) Catchment Area, assessing land suitability for agroforestry systems as an alternative to critical land rehabilitation and designing agroforestry designs. The results of this study are expected to be useful as information for the community and policymakers in determining farming patterns that can increase farmers' income and agricultural productivity. In addition, it is also an input in determining the planning policy for critical land management by implementing an agroforestry system.
From the results of the analysis and observations made on the Koto Panjang hydropower catchment area, it can be concluded as follows: (1) From the results of the land suitability analysis at the study location classified as S1 class that shows the land does not have a significant or real limiting factor to sustainable use, (2) The results of the interview addressing the majority of the respondents' occupation were farmers (31.1%), (3) Mostly for plantation areas (58%), (4) From the results of the palm business feasibility analysis which included NPV, B/C Ratio and IRRs on various simulations and scales are categorized as feasible to run.